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Glossary of Legal Terms


In Civil Law, an “answer” is the first formal response given by the defense to a complaint filed with the court by the plaintiff.


In Civil Law, negligence refers to any failure to exercise reasonable care in one’s actions, resulting in injury or damage to another person or party.


In the U.S., “intervention” is a Civil Law procedure where someone not currently part of a case can join the case to make sure their interests get fairly represented.

What Are Damages?

In law, “damages” refers to the sum of money or other payments required to restore justice and make things right or whole again when a harm has been done.

What Is A Subpoena?

In U.S. Law, “subpoena” from the Latin term meaning “under penalty,” is a written document and command from the courts requiring a person to take a certain action like appearing as a witness or handing over a piece of evidence.

What Is A Legal Complaint?

In Civil Law, a “complaint” is the very first formal action taken to officially begin a lawsuit. This written document contains the allegations against the defense, the specific laws violated, the facts that led to the dispute, and any demands made by the plaintiff to restore justice.

What Is Bobtailing?

A bobtail truck does not have a trailer attached. Bobtailing, by definition, means driving a cargo-carrying truck (semi-truck) without a trailer. Bobtailing often happens when a contracted truck driver is first sent out from dispatch to their pick up site.

What Is Settlement?

In Civil Law, Settlement refers to the legal agreement adopted by opposing parties before or during court proceedings, spelling out the negotiated terms and obligations that all will accept to officially end a dispute. Most civil cases are decided not by trial, but by settlement.

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